Where to live in Australia to live longest
IT'S been said in sometimes in unflattering tones that the people on Sydney's northern beachers are a special breed. Turns out they are.
Especially the women.
They live longer than anyone else, according to a new report from new report the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW).
But we've got some bad news if you're a bloke in the Northern Territory: you're more than five times more likely to die an avoidable death than a woman in Northern Sydney.
The report, Life expectancy and potentially avoidable deaths, 2013-2015, reveals that life expectancy is rising in Australia generally, and that how long you can expect to live and your likelihood of dying from a preventable cause varies by where you live.
"Overall, Australians born in 2013-2015 can expect to live 82.4 years, up from 82.1 years for those born in 2011-2013 said AIHW spokesman Claire Sparke.
"Life expectancy has also risen across most local communities, but substantial variation remains across Primary Health Network (PHN) areas."
Australia-wide, those living in Northern Sydney can expect to live the longest, at 85.5 years.
The Northern Territory has the shortest life expectancy, at 77.7 years.
Overall, communities located in metropolitan areas had higher life expectancies than those in regional areas.
A similar pattern was also seen when looking at potentially avoidable deaths. These are deaths that occur prematurely - before the age of 75 - from causes that might have been preventable or treatable, Ms Sparke said.
There were almost 80,000 potentially avoidable deaths in Australia in 2013-2015, accounting for 17 per cent of all deaths over this period.
"Nationally, the rate of potentially avoidable deaths improved, from 117 deaths per 100,000 people in 2009-2011, to 108 in 2013-2015. But again, when looking at regional and metropolitan areas - and across local communities - discrepancies were found," Ms Sparke said.
The rate of potentially avoidable deaths was higher in regional areas (129 per 100,000) than in metropolitan areas (96 per 100,000).
Northern Sydney had the lowest rate of potentially avoidable deaths of 62 deaths per 100,000 people, while the rate was highest in the Northern Territory at 226.
Life expectancy in Northern Sydney is longest for women: 86.9 years to 84.2 years for males, the report found. Throw in potentially avoidable death figures, and the odds look even better for a long and happy retirement "across the bridge": the rate of potentially avoidable deaths for men was 79 potentially avoidable deaths per 100,000 people. For women, it's 46.
The greatest improvements in life expectancy Australia-wide were seen in four Queensland PHN areas: Brisbane North, Brisbane South, Darling Downs and West Moreton, and Western Queensland), with life expectancy rising by 0.6 years between 2011-2013 and 2013-2015.
And while the rate of potentially avoidable deaths declined in most local areas between 2009-2011 and 2013-2015, Western Queensland saw the most notable improvements, falling from 213 to 194 deaths per 100,000 people.
Eastern Melbourne fared best with a life expectancy of 84.3 years
Gippsland saw the greatest dip in life expectancy, down by 0.5 years, to 80.9.
The average life expectancy for males and females in the Territory is 75.7 years and 78.5 years, respectively.
The Territory also had the greatest increase in the rate of potentially avoidable deaths: up from 219 to 226 deaths per 100,000 people, Ms Sparke said. If you're male, up that rate to 262. In NT women, the rate is 182 per 100,000 people.
Adelaide leads the longevity list, with a life expectancy of 82.6 years.
In WA, the longest life expectancy is in Perth North, where is 83.8 years.
Average life expectancy in Tasmania is 80.8 years.
The average life expectancy in the ACT is 83.2 years.
For the full results see ww.myhealthycommunities.gov.au