Today in History: September 4
Highlights in history on this date:
1781: Los Angeles is founded by Spanish settlers and named El Pueblo de Nuestra Senora La Reina de los Angeles - The Town of Our Lady the Queen of the Angels.
1839: The seaport which was to become Darwin in 1911 is first surveyed by a commander aboard the HMS Beagle.
1872: Anglo-French dual control of Egypt is re-established.
1909: The world's first Boy Scout Rally is held at Crystal Palace near London.
1915: Area of 72 sq-km at Jervis Bay is surrendered from NSW to the Commonwealth.
1916: British forces take Dar-es-Salaam in the central African nation of Tanganyika.
1929: German dirigible Graf Zeppelin completes round the world trip.
1940: Ion Antonescu is appointed Romanian prime minister.
1942: Japanese troops evacuate Milne Bay, New Guinea - the first defeat of a Japanese amphibious landing in World War II.
1944: Brussels and Antwerp in Belgium are liberated by British and Canadian troops in World War II.
1959: Emergency is declared in Laos, with alleged aggression by North Vietnam.
1963: Death of Robert Schuman, French statesman, Prime Minister 1947-48 and Foreign Minister 1948-52.
1964: British Commonwealth troops move against Indonesian guerillas in Malaya.
1970: In Chile, Salvador Allende becomes the first Marxist freely elected president in the Western hemisphere.
1972: US swimmer Mark Spitz wins his seventh Olympic gold medal, a record for a single Olympiad.
1974: United States establishes diplomatic relations with East Germany, the last major western nation to do so.
1975: Representatives of Egypt and Israel sign interim peace agreement in Geneva, Switzerland.
1977: Queensland premier Joh Bjelke-Petersen removes the right to appeal a ban on street marches.
1990: Prime ministers of South and North Korea meet for first time.
1993: Fighting breaks out in eastern Liberia and spills over for the first time into the Ivory Coast.
1995: The UN women's conference opens in Beijing.
1996: New Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu shakes the hand of Yasser Arafat at a meeting on the Israel-Gaza border to help clear the air of animosity.
1997: At least seven people are killed and nearly 200 are injured when three bombs explode in a pedestrian mall in Jerusalem.
1999: Pro-Indonesia militiamen rampage in East Timor, prompting the evacuation of UN staff just hours after the world body announced that residents overwhelmingly voted for independence.
2000: Truck owners blockade petrol depots and refineries across France in protest against high fuel prices.
2001: Mahendra Chaudhry, Fiji's first ethnic Indian prime minister, is elected to Parliament along with George Speight
2002: A new report says the economic cost New York City will suffer as the result of the September 11 attacks will range from $US83 billion ($A89.80 billion) to $US95 billion ($A102.79 billion).
2006: Australia's real life crocodile hunter Steve Irwin dies after the barb of a stingray pierces his chest while diving off Australia's northeast coast.
2010: New Zealand's South Island city of Christchurch is rocked by a 7.1 magnitude earthquake that kills 185 people from more than 20 countries.
2012: Hardliners from Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood are given top jobs after the military takes power following the toppling of Hosni Mubarak in 2011.
2013: Perth man Dominic Bird is acquitted of drug trafficking in Malaysia. Bird is rearrested on September 9 pending appeal by prosecutors.
2014: President Barack Obama and British Prime Minister David Cameron press fellow NATO leaders to confront the "brutal and poisonous" Islamic State militant group that is wreaking havoc in Iraq and Syria.
2015: The first Dane in space arrives at the International Space Station as part of a three-man team, bringing with him a set of custom-made Lego figurines.
2016: G20 leaders gather in China where nations come under pressure to lower global greenhouse gas emissions by formally ratifying the Paris Climate Change agreement.
2018: A Timber Creek native title compensation claim brings the High Court to the Northern Territory for the first time in history.
Francois Chateaubriand, French author (1768-1848); Anton Bruckner, Austrian composer (1824-1896); Darius Milhaud, French composer (1892-1974); Leo Castelli, famous modern art dealer (1907-1999); Mitzi Gaynor, US actor (1931-); Dawn Fraser, Australian Olympic swimming champion (1937-); Darryl Cotton, Australian pop singer (1949-2012); Jocelyn Moorhouse, Australian writer and director (1960-); Noah Taylor, Australian actor (1969-); Deni Hines, Australian singer- songwriter (1970-); Beyoncé Knowles, US singer (Destiny's Child) (1981-); Hamish McIntosh, Australian football player (1984-).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
"Labour is the great producer of wealth; it moves all other causes" - Daniel Webster, American statesman (1782-1852).