Today in History: October 29
Highlights in history on this date:
439: Vandals under Genseric occupy Carthage.
1618: British explorer and writer Sir Walter Raleigh is executed at the Palace of Westminster, reportedly telling the axeman, "Strike, man, strike!"
1787: First performance of Mozart's Don Giovanni takes place in Prague.
1814: First steam-powered warship, the USS Fulton, launched in New York.
1863: International Committee of the Red Cross is founded in Geneva.
1881: Japan's first national political party is founded.
1888: Suez Canal convention is signed in Constantinople.
1889: British South Africa Company, under Cecil Rhodes, is granted royal charter.
1918: Croatian parliament severs all ties with Austria-Hungary.
1923: Republic of Turkey is proclaimed.
1929: Prices crash on the New York Stock Exchange on what becomes known as Black Tuesday, heralding the Great Depression of the 1930s.
1942: Germans massacre 16,000 Jews in Pinsk, Russia.
1950: King Gustav V of Sweden dies and is succeeded by his son Gustav VI.
1964: The United Republic of Tanganyika, Zanzibar and Pemba changes its name to Tanzania.
1967: Counter-culture musical Hair opens off-Broadway.
1972: The Black September guerrilla group hijacks a Lufthansa Boeing 727 as it flies over Turkey and demands release of three colleagues held for the massacre of Israeli athletes at the Munich Olympics.
1 982: Trial of Lindy Chamberlain, whose baby daughter disappeared at Uluru in 1980, ends with her conviction for murder. She was later pardoned in 1987.
1 984: Opening of Melbourne Arts Centre.
1987: Jazz great Woody Herman dies in Los Angeles at age 74.
1988: Warsaw Pact foreign ministers, meeting in Budapest, call for 35-nation summit conference to consider conventional arms cuts.
1990: Norway's coalition government resigns after one year in power.
1992: A New York City jury acquits 17-year-old Lemrick Nelson of murdering Yankel Rosenbaum, an Australian Hasidic scholar killed in rioting in the Crown Heights section of Brooklyn in August 1991 following the traffic death of a black child hit by a Hasidic driver.
1994: A man armed with an assault weapon sprays bullets at the White House.
1995: Nick Leeson, a trader who helped cause the collapse of Britain's oldest investment bank, says he will return to Singapore to face charges.
1996: Thousands of paintings, sculptures, coins and other objects plundered by the Nazis from Jewish homes in Austria go on sale in a special auction to benefit needy Holocaust survivors.
1997: Baghdad bars Americans from the UN disarmament effort in Iraq, a move that prompts chief weapons inspector, Australia's Richard Butler, to suspend inspections.
1998: John Glenn, the first American in space 36 years earlier, rides a US space shuttle into orbit at age 77.
2001: Japan enacts a controversial bill to allow its armed forces to go abroad to back up US strikes in Afghanistan.
2002: A fire sweeps through a building that houses offices of foreign companies, shops and a popular disco in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, killing at least 54 people and injuring more than 100.
2003: The official death toll of the number of people killed in the September 11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centre in New York City is lowered to 2752, from 2792.
2005: French youths riot for a second consecutive night in a Paris suburb, protesting the deaths of two youths who were electrocuted while trying to evade police.
2006: A Nigerian airliner crashes after taking off from the airport in Abuja, killing 96 passengers.
2010: Authorities on three continents thwart multiple terrorist attacks aimed at the United States from Yemen.
2012: Hurricane Sandy kills 140 people in the US and causes major damage, notably in and around New York.
2014: More than 300 people were missing in Sri Lanka after mudslides.
2015: China ends its one-child policy.
2016: Australian motorcycling great Wayne Gardner returns to Sydney after spending 12 days behind bars in Japan over a road rage incident.
2017: Sir Ninian Stephen, Australia's only immigrant governor-general, who served from 1982 to 1989, dies aged 94.
2018: A Lion Air passenger plane crashed into the sea and killed 188 people shortly after takeoff from Jakarta.
Edmund Halley, English astronomer (1656-1742); James Boswell, Scottish lawyer-biographer (1740-1795); Robert Hardy, British actor (1925-2017); Frank Sedgman, Australian tennis champion (1927); Richard Dreyfuss, US actor (1947); Kate Jackson, US actor (1948); Eddie McGuire, Australian media personality (1964); Jackie Pereira, Australian Olympic hockey player (1964); Yasmin Le Bon, UK model (1964); Matthew Hayden, Australian cricketer (1971); Winona Ryder, US actor (1971); Richard Brancatisano, Australian actor and musician (1983).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
"Good taste is the worst vice ever invented" - Dame Edith Sitwell, English poet (1887-1964).