Today in History: October 27
Highlights in history on this date:
1806: France's Napoleon Bonaparte occupies Berlin.
1807: Spain and France agree to conquer Portugal.
1900: After four years of work, the first section of the New York subway is opened.
1927: Criminals Squizzy Taylor and Snowy Cutmore die in shootout at Carlton, Melbourne.
1938: Du Pont announces a name for its new synthetic yarn: nylon.
1954: Walt Disney's first television program, titled Disneyland after his yet-to-be completed theme park, premieres on American ABC.
1961: Mongolia and Mauritania are admitted as members of the United Nations.
1971: Government of Democratic Republic of the Congo announces the country will change its name to the Republic of Zaire.
1978: Egypt's President Anwar Sadat and Israel's Prime Minister Menachem Begin are awarded Nobel Peace Prize.
1990: New Zealand's voters oust the Labour Party of Mike Moore giving the National Party under James Bolger the biggest election victory in more than 50 years.
1992: Israeli jets bomb Southern Lebanon avenging the deaths of six Israelis, but the Israeli government resists calls to withdraw from Middle East peace talks; Six people are shot dead on NSW central coast.
1993: Bush fires in southern California destroy at least 800 homes.
1994: In extraordinary talks in Syria, US President Bill Clinton says President Hafez Assad "went beyond anything he said before" on making peace with Israel.
1995: France sets off the third in a series of nuclear tests in the South Pacific at Mururoa Atoll.
1996: At least 15 people are killed and dozens more trapped when a 12-storey apartment building in suburban Cairo collapses.
1998: A second deadline for Serb troop withdrawal from Kosovo passes without NATO resorting to air strikes, but NATO says that the use of force is still an option.
1999: Armenia's prime minister is among several people killed when up to five gunmen seize the nation's parliament in a torrent of automatic weapons fire.
2000: Stormy seas prevent divers from entering the nuclear submarine Kursk a day after naval officials reveal evidence that more than 23 seamen had survived the initial explosions that sank the vessel.
2001: Britain announces it will provide up to 600 special forces for operations in Afghanistan in a sign that allied forces are preparing for a sustained campaign of raids.
2002: Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva wins Brazil's presidential run-off election, becoming the nation's first leftist and working-class president.
2004: Pleading they cannot properly defend an unwilling client, Slobodan Milosevic's court-appointed lawyers ask to quit, leaving the UN tribunal in a dilemma over how to conclude the most important war crimes trial in half a century.
2006: Germany's military suspends two soldiers from duty in connection with photos of troops posing with a skull in Afghanistan.
2007: Astronauts add a new room to the international space station, attaching a bus-sized living compartment named Harmony.
2008: Billionaire James Packer severs his family's 50-year association with Nine, the television network which laid the foundations for his father, Kerry Packer, to become Australia's richest man.
2009: Seven former Guantánamo Bay detainees ask the High Court in London to reject a government request to use secret sessions to hear allegations that Britain was complicit in their torture overseas.
2011: European leaders start taking action on the agreement that asks banks to take on bigger losses of Greece's debt.
2013: Lou Reed, leader of the Velvet Underground, dies aged 71 of an ailment related to a liver transplant.
2014: Australia temporarily closes the door to people seeking humanitarian entry from ebola-affected west African countries.
2015: Top athletes who are refugees with no home country to represent get the go-ahead to compete at the 2016 Rio Olympics.
2016: Australian Jessica Wongso, 28, is sentenced to 20 years in an Indonesian prison after being found guilty of murdering her friend with a cyanide-laced coffee.
2017: An independent report on potential large-scale fracking developments in the Northern Territory predicts the industry could generate up to $5.8 billion over 25 years and create 500 jobs.
2018: The Invictus Games held its closing ceremony in Sydney, with the military sporting event attended by David Beckham and his family; Gunman shoots and kills 11 people and injures six at the Tree of Life synagogue in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in an anti-Semitic attack.
Theodore Roosevelt, US president (1858-1919); Sylvia Plath, American poet (1932-1963); John Cleese, British actor-comedian (1939); Simon Le Bon, lead singer of '80s band Duran Duran (1958); Scott Weiland, US rock singer in the Stone Temple Pilots (1967-2015); Vanessa-Mae, British violinist (1978); David Warner, Australian cricketer (1986).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
"Happiness is a way station between too much and too little" - Channing Pollock, American author and dramatist (1880-1946).