Today in History: November 22
Highlights in history on this date:
1497: Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama becomes first to sail around the Cape of Good Hope.
1699: Treaty is signed by Denmark, Russia, Saxony and Poland for partition of Swedish Empire.
1718: English pirate Edward Teach - better known as "Blackbeard" - is killed during a battle off the Virginia coast.
1906: The SOS distress signal is adopted at the International Radio Telegraphic Convention in Berlin.
1935: The flying boat, The China Clipper, leaves San Francisco on the first trans-Pacific airmail flight.
1943: Lebanon is granted independence after two decades of French mandate rule.
1956: The first Olympics held in the southern hemisphere opens in Melbourne with junior world mile record holder Ron Clarke lighting the flame.
1962: Soviet Union announces end of combat-readiness alert of its armed forces, imposed at start of Cuban missile crisis.
1963: US President John F Kennedy is assassinated as he rides in motorcade in Dallas, Texas. Vice President Lyndon B Johnson becomes the 36th president.
1972: US President Richard Nixon lifts 22-year-old ban on American travel to China.
1977: The British and French supersonic airliner Concorde begins service out of New York's Kennedy International Airport.
1989: Lebanese President Rene Mouawad is assassinated by a bomb.
1990: British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, after being defeated by John Major in a ballot for Conservative Party leader, resigns after 11-and-a-half years in office.
1992: NATO warships begin a blockade of Yugoslav territorial waters and a ceasefire virtually collapses.
1993: The Mexican Senate approves the North American Free Trade Agreement.
1994: Italian Premier Silvio Berlusconi is placed under investigation in a bribery probe.
1995: Toy Story is released as the first feature-length film created completely using computer-generated imagery.
1997: Michael Hutchence, lead singer of Australian band INXS, is found dead in a Sydney hotel room at the age of 37.
2000: Four Palestinians are killed in the Gaza Strip by Israeli troops near a Jewish settlement.
2002: Officials cancel the Miss World pageant in Nigeria and move it instead to London after news that the African nation will host the event sparks deadly riots.
2005: Conservative Angela Merkel takes power as Germany's first female chancellor and the country's first leader to grow up under communism in East Germany.
2006: Nepal celebrates the end of a bloody 10-year communist insurgency by declaring a public holiday.
2007: A transport strike that crippled France for nine days ends as rail workers around the country vote "yes" to return to the job.
2009: Australian Formula One driver Mark Webber is hit by a car while competing in his multi-sport charity challenge in Tasmania.
2010: Thousands of people are crushed during a festival in the Cambodian capital, leaving more than 330 dead and hundreds injured.
2012: Billionaire mining magnate Clive Palmer quits Queensland's Liberal National Party.
2014: Ecuador guarantees political asylum to Australian WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange for "as long as necessary".
2016: AFL club Essendon agrees to pay settlements to 18 past and present players who lost earnings as a result of the supplements saga.
2017: Dressed in the colours of the Indian flag, 58 army soldiers break the world record by riding on a motorbike at the same time.
2018: Brexit moves one step closer as Britain and the EU agree on a draft text that sets out a close post-Brexit economic relationship.
Charles de Gaulle, French general-statesman (1890-1970); Terry Gilliam, UK filmmaker (1940); Jamie Lee Curtis, US actor (1958); Mariel Hemingway, US actor (1961); Robbie Slater, Australian footballer (1964); Fiona Richardson, Victorian politician (1966-2017); Boris Becker, German tennis player (1967); Scarlett Johansson, US actor (1984); Alden Ehrenreich, US actor (1989).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
"To conquer without risk is to triumph without glory." - Pierre Corneille, French dramatist (1606-1684).