Today in History: November 19
Highlights in history on this date:
1521: War between French and Valois breaks out in Italy.
1703: Death of the Man in the Iron Mask, a prisoner in the Bastille prison in Paris.
1 807: France invades Portugal.
1828: Franz Schubert, Austrian composer, dies from typhus aged 31.
1863: US President Abraham Lincoln delivers the Gettysburg Address, calling for "government of the people, by the people and for the people".
1893: The first newspaper colour supplement is published in the Sunday paper New York World.
1924: Sir Lee Stack, British governor of Sudan, is killed in Cairo.
1941: HMAS Sydney sinks off Western Australia after a brief battle with the German raider Kormoran, killing all 645 men aboard the Sydney and 80 of the Kormoran's crew.
1946: First UNESCO conference opens in Paris at which the organisation attains full status as an agency.
1947: Prince Philip of Greece is given title of Duke of Edinburgh on the eve of his wedding to Princess Elizabeth.
1949: Prince Rainier is sworn in as 30th ruling Prince of Monaco.
1969: First reports emerge that US troops shot Vietnamese civilians in My Lai village in March.
1977: Egypt's President Anwar Sadat arrives in Israel on his first peace mission to that nation.
1988: Christina Onassis, daughter of Greek tycoon Aristotle Onassis, dies aged 37 in Argentina.
1990: Pop duo Milli Vanilli are stripped of their Grammy Award because other singers lent their voices to the Girl You Know It's True album.
1996: Cuban leader Fidel Castro and Pope John Paul II meet in a historic first encounter in Rome.
1997: Bobbie McCaughey gives birth in the US to four boys and three girls, believed to be the world's first surviving set of septuplets.
1998: The impeachment inquiry against US President Bill Clinton opens with testimony by independent counsel Kenneth Starr.
2001: Australian cameraman Harry Burton, 33, is among four journalists murdered in eastern Afghanistan after an ambush on their convoy.
2003: The South African cabinet approves a plan to spend approximately 1.9 billion rand to launch a program to provide antiretroviral drugs to AIDS patients free of charge.
2005: Prince Albert II of Monaco is enthroned, succeeding his father Prince Rainier.
2010: Two Australians are among 29 miners trapped underground at the Pike River coalmine on New Zealand's South Island following an explosion.
2011: Muammar Gaddafi's former heir apparent Seif al-Islam is captured by revolutionary fighters just over a month after his father was killed.
2013: Prime Minister Tony Abbott comes under pressure from Jakarta to explain the extent of surveillance in Indonesia after Australia spied on Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono and his wife.
2015: Officials in France confirm the suspected ringleader of the Paris terror attacks, Abdelhamid Abaaoud, has been killed in a police raid.
2016: US President-elect Donald Trump demands the cast of the Broadway hit show Hamilton offer an apology after his running mate Mike Pence was booed at a performance.
2017: Zimbabwe's ruling party ZANU-PF dismisses Robert Mugabe as its leader, starting the process of removing the 93-year-old president from power.
2018: The chairman of Japanese car giant Nissan, Carlos Ghosn, is arrested on suspicion of "financial misconduct".
Charles I of Britain (1600-1649); Indira Gandhi, Indian prime minister (1917-1984); Margaret Whitlam, wife of former Australian prime minister (1919-2012); Calvin Klein, US clothing designer (1942); Allison Janney, US actor (1959); Meg Ryan, US actor (1961); Jodie Foster, US actor (1962); Jack Dorsey, co-founder of Twitter (1976); Adam Driver, US actor (1983); Jessicah Schipper, Australian swimmer (1986).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
"It is always brave to say what everyone thinks." - George Duhamel, French author (1884-1966).