Today in History: November 1
Highlights in history on this date:
1512: Michelangelo paintings on ceiling of Vatican's Sistine Chapel are first exhibited.
1765: Stamp Act goes into effect in British colonies, prompting stiff resistance from Americans.
1954: Algeria begins its rebellion against French rule.
1975: Chinese troops ambush Indian security patrol along India's northern border, killing four men in first fighting flare-up in eight years.
1977: Amsterdam police announce release of kidnapped Dutch millionaire Maurits Caransa.
1981: Caribbean islands Antigua and Barbuda become a single independent state, ending 30 years of British rule.
1984: Rajiv Gandhi is sworn in as Indian prime minister amid anti-Sikh riots following the assassination of Indira Gandhi.
1985: Death of Phil Silvers, American film and TV actor.
1987: Top leader Deng Xiaoping resigns from governing body of China's Communist Party in effort to allow his reform-minded proteges to consolidate power.
1988: Iran and Iraq hold face-to-face meeting after one-month break in UN-sponsored gulf peace talks.
1989: After travel restrictions are lifted, hundreds of East Germans throng to the West German embassy in Prague seeking passage to the West; Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega ends 19-month truce with US-backed Contra rebels.
1990: Sir Geoffrey Howe resigns as Britain's deputy prime minister because of differences with PM Margaret Thatcher over Europe.
1992: Russia sends more troops to the Caucasus region after fighting flares between Ingush and Ossetian forces.
1995: Peace talks on the conflict in Bosnia open in Dayton, Ohio, with the leaders of Bosnia, Croatia and Serbia present.
1997: Titanic, directed by James Cameron and starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Kate Winslet, premieres at the Tokyo International Film Festival.
1999: China agrees to work with conservation groups to stop the use of endangered plants and animals in medicines and traditional cures.
2000: Northern Ireland's peace accord takes a battering as Cabinet members clash and terrorists on both sides mount bloody attacks. On the street, a booby trap planted by IRA dissidents blows the leg off a police officer.
2001: NATO member Turkey becomes the first Muslim nation to commit troops to the war against Afghanistan.
2002: Bermuda's public school teachers vote to return to the classrooms and end a week-long strike over pay.
2005: The United Nations General Assembly establishes January 27 as an annual commemoration day for the six million Jews and countless other victims murdered in the Nazi Holocaust during World War II.
2006: William Styron, whose 1979 novel Sophie's Choice was made into an acclaimed film and who won a Pulitzer Prize for The Confessions of Nat Turner, dies aged 81.
2007: Tropical Storm Noel drenches the central Caribbean, killing at least 107, destroying at least 20,000 homes and causing crop damage in the Dominican Republic, Haiti and Cuba in the tens of millions of dollars.
2009: President Hamid Karzai is effectively handed a second five-year term when his only challenger drops out of the race, and the Obama administration said it was prepared to work with the man it has previously criticised to combat corruption and confront the Taliban insurgency.
2010: Deafening explosions of hot gas rattled evacuees kilometres from Indonesia's Mount Merapi volcano, the latest eruption in a deadly week. The country reports increased rumblings at 21 other active volcanoes, raising questions about what is causing the uptick along some of the world's most volatile fault lines.
2011: Europe's days-old plan to solve its crippling debt crisis and restore faith in the global economy is thrown into chaos by the Greek prime minister's stunning decision to call a referendum on the country's latest rescue package.
2012: Corporal Daniel Keighran is awarded Australia's highest military honour, the Victoria Cross, for exceptional bravery on the battlefield in 2010 in Afghanistan; Israel Folau confirms he will leave the AFL (after playing 13 games for Greater Western Sydney) and move to rugby union.
2013: A US drone strike kills Hakimullah Mehsud, the leader of the Pakistani Taliban, in a major blow to the group.
2014: A huge crowd gathers at Albany, Western Australia to commemorate 100 years since the first convoy of Anzac troops departed for World War I.
2016: Australian jockey Kerrin McEvoy wins his second Melbourne Cup aboard the Robert Hickmot-trained gelding Almandin.
2017: The Greens accuse the Government of stripping Manus Island asylum seekers of medication for mental health disorders.
2018: Bradley Robert Edwards comes face-to-face with the families of the women he allegedly killed for the first time in a pre-trial court hearing. He was charged with the Claremont killings in December 2016.
Larry Flynt, US magazine publisher (1942); John Williamson, Australian singer (1945); Lyle Lovett, US singer (1957); Anthony Kiedis, US singer of Red Hot Chili Peppers (1962); Rick Allen, US singer (1963); Tina Arena, Australian singer-actor (1967); Toni Collette, Australian actor (1972).
THOUGHT FOR TODAY:
"People who bite the hand that feeds them usually lick the boot that kicks them." - Eric Hoffer, American author and philosopher (1902-1983).