AUSSIE LANGUAGE: What does normcore mean?
AUSSIE LANGUAGE: What does normcore mean?

Are you all over these words like an Insta post?

WE KNEW they were omnipresent in tourist destinations, but now selfie sticks are officially pretty much everywhere: they've made it into the dictionary.

They're right up there up there with "paleo", "Insta", "whatevs" and the far more serious "fiscal cliff" among 2000 new words and terms to have made it into the latest update of the Oxford Australian Dictionary.

While the majority of the words are associated with the cool kids, older generations receive a nod to their existence with the addition of "tree changer" and "sandwich generation".

Meanwhile, the word "bogan" has received a makeover, with an updated definition.

And some of the new additions are purely Australian.

All are featured in the sixth edition of the Australian Oxford Concise Dictionary, and were unveiled today as part of World Dictionary Day.

Not every new word makes the cut, says Amanda Laugesen from the Australian National Dictionary Centre (ANDC) at the Australian National University.

"We look for words that have established themselves in our lexicon. We do research to determine whether a word is being widely used, and whether there is a good amount of evidence for it," she said.

"A word should generally have evidence of use over several years ('whatevs' can be traced back to the mid-1990s), although occasionally there may be a very new word which has established itself very quickly in our vocabulary (for example, 'insta' being used as a verb).

And yes, there were a few words that didn't make the cut.

"We're a print dictionary, we do have to be careful with what we include as we don't have unlimited space," Ms Laugesen said.

"So ephemeral or obscure words don't always make the cut. Examples are 'guyliner' (eyeliner for men) and 'wasband' (ex-husband). We considered these but while they are certainly around, especially on the internet and in social media, we decided not to include them.

"However, if they continue to be used and gain in popularity, we would consider them again for inclusion in a future edition."

AUSSIE LANGUAGE: What is a sandwich generation?
AUSSIE LANGUAGE: What is a sandwich generation?


Anzackery: The promotion of the Anzac legend in ways that are perceived to be excessive or misguided.

Captain's pick: (In a political context) a decision made by a party leader etc. without consultation with colleagues

Coward punch: A knockout punch; an unfair punch; a king-hit.

Doona day: A day off work for relaxation etc

Rurosexual: A fashionable young man living in a country area.

Sistergirl: (In Aboriginal culture) a person assigned male gender at birth who identifies as female; a transsexual.

Tree changer: A person who undergoes a tree change.

AUSSIE LANGUAGE: Do you know what to call a fashionable young man living in a country area?
AUSSIE LANGUAGE: Do you know what to call a fashionable young man living in a country area?


First World problem: A relatively trivial or minor problem or frustration (implying a contrast with serious problems such as those that may be experienced in the developing world).

Fatshaming: The action or practice of humiliating someone judged to be fat or overweight by making mocking or critical comments about their size.

Humblebrag: An ostensibly modest or self-deprecating statement whose actual purpose is to draw attention to something of which one is proud.

No-platforming: Denying a person an opportunity to speak in public.

Normcore: A style of dressing that involves the deliberate choice of unremarkable or unfashionable casual clothes.

Sandwich generation: A generation of people, typically in their thirties or forties, responsible both for bringing up their own children and for the care of their ageing parents.

Truther: A person who doubts the generally accepted account of an event, believing that an official conspiracy exists to conceal the true explanation; a conspiracy theorist.

Whatevs: Whatever.


Fiscal cliff: A situation in which a particular set of financial factors cause or threaten sudden and severe

economic decline.

Onshoring:The practice of transferring a business operation that was moved overseas back to the country from which it was originally relocated.

Gig economy: A labour market characterised by the prevalence of short-term contracts or freelance work as opposed to permanent jobs.


Dark web (also deep web): The part of the World Wide Web that is only accessible by means of special software, allowing users and website operators to remain anonymous or untraceable.

Hacktivist: A person who gains unauthorised access to computer files or networks in order to further social or political ends.

Insta: To spend time using the social networking website Instagram. 2 to post (an image etc.) on


Photobomb: To spoil (a photograph) by unexpectedly appearing in the camera's field of view as the picture is taken, especially as a prank.

Selfie stick: A device in the form of a rod on which a camera or smartphone may be mounted, enabling the person holding it to take a photograph of themselves from a wider angle than if holding the camera or smartphone in their hand.


Kibbeh: (In Middle Eastern cooking) a mixture of minced meat, bulgur or rice, and seasonings, typically served in the form of croquettes stuffed with a filling.

Yuzu: A round, yellowish citrus fruit with fragrant, acidic juice, used chiefly as a flavouring.

5:2 diet: A diet that involves eating normally for five days out of a seven-day period and greatly restricting the amount of food eaten on the other two days.


AUSSIE LANGUAGE: The word ‘bogan’ has been given a new definition. Bogans, it seems, have evolved.
AUSSIE LANGUAGE: The word ‘bogan’ has been given a new definition. Bogans, it seems, have evolved. News Limited


Bogan: The new definitionis "An uncultured and unsophisticated person; a boorish and uncouth person". The reason for the update is "the word which first appeared in the 1980s has slightly shifted in meaning. No longer is a bogan usually considered lower class or uneducated - any one of us can be a bogan. The emergence of the term CUB (cashed-up bogan) this century was an indicator of this shift".

Generation X: The new definition "the generation born after that of the Baby Boomers (roughly from the early 1960s to mid-1970s)" removes the words "young", "disaffected": and "directionless" because Gen X is now considered to be none of those things.

Internet: It used to be "an international information network linking computers". Now it's "a global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities, consisting of interconnected networks using standardised communication protocols".

Yep, the internet is kind of a big deal. Whatevs.

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